The soap that we buy in the store smells and leathers well, but it contains irritating and harsh detergents. The chemicals in these soaps might be harmful if you have any skin conditions. The natural soaps, though gentler, are quite expensive and will cost you over $5. If you want to treat your skin and still save money, you should make soap at home.
The pour and melt method gives you a bar soap, which you can use immediately. You mix colorful dyes, essential oils, fragrant, and herbal additives. You should follow the following steps when you want to make scented soap:
Step 1. Weigh your oils before you add them on a metal pot. Heat these oils to 100 degrees Fahrenheit
Step 2. Stir the oil while adding the lye solution. Add humectants [glycerin] that helps remove moisture from your skin. To get a product that will make your skin feel soft and nourish it add coconut oil. Use an electric hand held mixer to stir this solution. Ensure that your blender is turned off. Oil and lye should have the same temperature. After a few minutes, the solution will become cloudy. Blend this solution until it thickens. Place the chunks in a container and place it in a microwave. Microwave the solution for 30 minutes. Do this until the soap melts. Give it time to cool.
Step 3. Once you get melted soap add mica, and stir thoroughly until it blends. Mica will give your soap a pearly and shiny look.
Step 4. Add the fragrance and essential oils to your soap. For antibacterial properties add tea tree oil, which helps treat acne problems. To soothe sensitive skin add Roman chamomile. For antibacterial, antiviral, and relaxation properties add lavender oil.
Step 5. Mix the solution in an additive. Ground cardamom and cinnamon are astringents, which treat acne-prone and oily skin. To get exfoliants you can use cornmeal, ground almonds, oatmeal, and wheat bran. Rosemary adds scent and improves your blood circulation. Using too much rosemary will make your soap have a scratchy texture or discolor it.
Step 6. If you want, you can add colorant to the soap. Many of the soap dyes are man-made and not natural. You should add the dye drop by drop if you are making liquid soap. You should continue doing this until you are happy with the results. You can also use natural colorants that include spirulina, cocoa powder, and paprika. To get your soap light brown you should use cocoa powder and for green color use spirulina.
Step 7. Pour your soap into a mold. Rub alcohol to rid it of mica clumps or air bubbles.
Step 8. Allow your soap to harden. It will take almost 1 hour to achieve this. You can put it in the refrigerator to achieve this.
Step 9. Once hardened, you can cut your soap into bars. You should be careful when making soap as the heat you use can burn you. Do not use food color while you make your soap.